IRANIAN ARMED FORCES
IRANSKE ORUŽANE SNAGE

 

 
 
 
 
 
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      Iranske oružane snage, brojnosti od otprilike 425.000 pripanika, sastoje se od Kopnene vojske Islamske Republike Irana, Mornarice Islamske Republike Irana, Avijacije Islamske Republike Irana te Protuavionske odbrane, koja se odvojila od Avijacije. KoV ima 350.000 vojnika, Mornarica 18.000 te 52.000 avijatičara. Iran je i jedna od pet zemalja koje imaju "kibernetsku vojsku" koja vodi kibernetske operacije. Po nekim izvorima iz 2010. godine, osnovana su njihova dva nova garnizona (u Zanjanu i Isfahanu). Uz redovnu vojsku Oružane snage imaju i "Revolucionarnu gardu" od oko 120.000 pripadnika koji imaju sve grane kao i redovna vojska, čak i specijalne snage (Quds).

 
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      The Iranian armed forces consist of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army (IRIAF), Islamic Republic of Iran  Navy (IRIN), Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force (IRIAF), and the Islamic Republic of Iran  Air Defence Force. The regular armed forces have an estimated 425,000 personnel: the Army: 350,000 personnel; the Navy: 18,000 personnel, and the Air Force: 52,000 airman. Air Defese Force is a branch split off from the IRIAF. It has been reported that Iran is one of the five countries having a Cyber-army capable of conducting cyber-warfare operations. It has also been reported in early 2010, that two new garrisons for cyberwarfare have been established at Zanjan and Isfahan. The Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution, or Revolutionary Guards, has an estimated 120,000 personnel in five branches: Its own Navy, Aerospace Force, Ground Forces and the Quds Force (Special Forces).

 
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  Kopnena vojska Kopnena vojska
 

REVOLUTIONARY GUARD  REVOLUCIONARNA GARDA

 
      Vojska čuvara islamske revolucije (Sepāh-e Pāsdārān-e Enqelāb-e Eslāmi) češće nazivana Revolucionarna garda je grana iranskih Oružanih snaga. Dok regularna vojska čuva iranske granice i održava unutrašnji red, Revolucionarna garda (pasadaran) štite islamski poredak u zemlji. Broje otprilike 125.000 naoružanih pripadnika raspoređenih u kopnenu vojsku, avijaciju i mornaricu (imaju iste rodove kao i regularna vojska!), s tim da je mornarica Revolucionarne garde glavna iranksa pomorska snaga koja kontrolira Perzijski zaljev. Uz to Revolucionarna garda kontrolira paravojnu Basij miliciju, brojnosti od oko 90.000 naoružanih pripadnika. Revolucionarna garda je postala "multimilionsko poslovno carstvo" od kojih su financijski u zemlji jači samo Iranska nacionalna naftna kompanija te Zaklada Imama Reze.
 
   
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      The Army of the Guardians of the Islamic Revolution (Sepāh-e Pāsdārān-e Enqelāb-e Eslāmi, or Sepāh for short), often called Revolutionary Guards, is a branch of Iran's military, founded after the Iranian revolution. Whereas the regular military (artesh) defends Iran's borders and maintains internal order, according to the Iranian constitution, the Revolutionary Guard (pasdaran) is intended to protect the country's Islamic system. According to some outside observers, it is intended to prevent internal dissident and military uprisings. The IRGC has roughly 125,000 military personnel including ground, aerospace and naval forces. Its naval forces are now the primary forces tasked with operational control of the Persian Gulf. It also controls the paramilitary Basij militia which has about 90,000 active personnel, and in recent years has developed into a "multibillion-dollar business empire," and is reportedly the "third-wealthiest organization" in Iran after the National Iranian Oil Company and the Imam Reza Endowment.

     

KINGDOM OF IRAN  KRALJEVINA IRAN

 

      Razvoj moderne iranske vojske usko je vezan uz uspon Reżā Khan-a, od njegovog početka kao oficira u Kozačkoj diviziji (formiranoj 1879.) do ministra odbrane i komandanta oružanih snaga, nakon državnog udara koji je vodio 1921. godine.

      Do 1977 Kopnena vojska broji 220.000 vojnika, raspoređenih u 3 oklopne divizije, 4 pješadijske te samostalne brigade (padobranska, specijalne snage itd..). Uz to je postojala i avijacija KoV-a sa preko 700 borbenih helikoptera te 60-tak aviona. Avijacija je brojala oko 100.000 pripadnika raspoređenih u 22 eskadrile, od čega 15 lovačkih eskadrila, dok su ostale bile transportne, izviđačke i druge. Podršku avijaciji je pružala šezdesetak helikoptera i tri SAM baterije. Mornarica je ostala najmanja od tri garne, sa 30.000 mornara i radi korupcije se nikad nije izgradila u skladu sa svojim mogućnostima.

     
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      The development of a modern military force in Iran is closely associated with the rise of Reżā Khan, from being an officer in the Cossack division (formed in 1879) to his becoming, in the aftermath of the coup he led in 1921, the commander of the army and the Minister of War, Prime Minister in 1923 and later the founder of the Pahlavi Dynasty in 1926.

      By 1977 the army of about 220,000 contained three armored divisions, each with six tank battalions and five mechanized infantry battalions, another four infantry divisions, four independent brigades which included one airborne, one special forces, and two infantry, and finally the Army Aviation Command which operated 700 combat helicopters in addition to sixty fixed-winged aircraft. Numbering 100,000 men in 1977, the air force had grown faster than the other branches. It consisted of twenty-two squadrons, fifteen of which were fighters; other consisted of transport, tankers, and reconnaissance. Over sixty helicopters and three SAM battalions supported the air force. The navy, still the smallest of the three branches, had increased its personnel in 1977 to 30,000. Rapid turnovers in its command system, due to corruption among the high-ranking officers, did not permit the navy to develop to the degree that the air force did.

     

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