TURKISH ARMED FORCES
TURSKE ORUŽANE SNAGE

 

 
 
 
 
 
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      Turske oružane snage (TAF) se sastoje od Kopnene vojske, Mornarice (koja uključuje mornaričku pješadiju i vlastitu avijaciju) i Ratnog zrakoplovstva. Žandarmerija i Obalna straža u mirnodopsko vrijeme služe kao snage sigurnosti, a podređene su Kopnenoj vojsci (žandarmerija) i Mornarici (Obalna straža). Nakon ulaska u NATO, 18. 02. 1952. Turska je modernizirala svoju vojsku, a krajema 80-tih izvršena je druga reforma vojske. Sada je sa svojih 1.054.750 vojnika druga po broju stajaća vojska u NATO paktu, odmah poslije SAD-a. Trenutačno, Turska ima i 36 700 vojnika stacionairanih na Cipru.

     

 
     

      Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) (Turkish: Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri (TSK)) consists of the Army, the Navy (including Naval Air and Naval Infantry), and the Air Force of the Republic of Turkey. The Gendarmerie and the Coast Guard operate as components of the internal security forces in peacetime, and are subordinate to the Army and Navy Commands respectively. In wartime, both have law enforcement and military functions. After becoming a member of the NATO Alliance on 18 February 1952, the Turkish Republic initiated a comprehensive modernization program for its Armed Forces. Towards the end of the 1980s, a second restructuring process was initiated. The TAF, with a combined troop strength of 1,054,750 soldiers, is the second largest standing force in NATO after the United States. Currently, 36,700 troops are also stationed in the north of Cyprus.

     
 
     
     
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Hvala Gorane

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GENDARMERIE  ŽANDARMERIJA
 

      Žandarmerija (Jandarma) je vojna organizacija za provođenje reda i zakona. Obučavani su i opremani od strane vojske, ali rade pod upravom Ministarstva unutarnjih poslova. Komanda Žandarmerije (Jandarma Genel Komutanlığı) je smještena u Anakari. Zone odgovornosti Žandarmerije su uglavnom izvan gradova, pogotovo u regijama u kojima je mala naseljenost stanovništva, a odvija se puno kriminalnih aktivnosti, kao što je to slučaj sa jugoistočnom Anatolijom, gdje se svakodnevno izvode teroristički akti. I većina turističkih mjesta je pod njihovom jurisdikcijom, jer prosječni broj stanovnika nije dovoljan da bi bili pod običnom policijom. Žandarmeirija ima i svoju prometnu policiju (Jandarma Trafik) sličnu onoj Nacionalne policije, samo što su ovi raspoređeni po autoputevima i cestama izvan gradova, nešto slično američkim highway patrolama.

      Žandarmerijska uniforma je, uobičajeno, sastavljena od tamno zelenih hlača te svjetlozelene košulje, sa posebnim crveno-plavim oznakama na reverima. Ali Žandarm je i svaki pripadnik vojske sa takvim oznakama, bez obzira na boju uniforme.

     
 
     

      The Gendarmerie (Jandarma) are military forces of law enforcement. They are trained and supplied by the army but they assume duties under the Minister of Interior. Their organization and duties are quite similar to those of the French Gendarmerie or Italian Carabinieri. The Gendarmerie Command (Jandarma Genel Komutanlığı) is based in Ankara. Their area of jurisdiction is outside city centres, mostly in the country where population density are low and crime rates are especially high (this is even more true for the Southeastern Anatolia Region, where terrorist acts are committed every day in and out of towns). Most tourist sites are also areas of Jandarma’s jurisdiction because their average population throughout the year are not high enough to fall under the police departments. The Turkish Gendarmerie engages in counter-terrorist operations in the southeast of Turkey. The Gendarmerie also have an independent organization for Traffic Control (Jandarma Trafik) similar to that of the police, but they take shifts outside the cities; similar to the American highway police.

      In Turkey, Gendarmes can generally be spotted wearing dark green trousers and light green shirts, with special red-and-blue markings on their collars. But any army officer with the same markings no matter which uniform they are in is a Gendarme.

     

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