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      Naziv Sovjetske oružane snage (Вооружённые Силы Союза Советских Социалистических Республик, Вооружённые Силы Советского Союза, punim imenom Oružane snage Saveza Sovjetskih Socijalističkih Republika ili Oružane snage Sovjetskog Saveza označava oružane snage Ruske Federativne Socijalističke Republike (1917-1922) te one Sovjetskog Saveza (1922 do 1991).

      Zakonom o općoj vojnoj službi iz 1925. godine Sovjetske oružane snage sastavljene su od pet komponenti. To su: Kopnena vojska, Avijacija, Mornarica, Državni politički direktorat (prethodnik KGB-a). Direktorat se kasnije „utopio“ u NKVD (1934). Nakon Drugog svjetskog rata osnivaju se nove grane: Strateške raketne trupe (1960), Protuavionska obrana (1948) te Civilna zaštita (1970). Po važnosti su kategorizirane kao prva, treća i šesta. Kopnena vojska je druga, Avijacija četvrta, Mornarica peta, Granične jedinice sedme te Unutrašnja vojska kao osma.

     
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      The Soviet Armed Forces, also called the Armed Forces of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Armed Forces of the Soviet Union (Вооружённые Силы Союза Советских Социалистических Республик, Вооружённые Силы Советского Союза) refers to the armed forces of the Russian SFSR (1917—1922), and Soviet Union (1922—1991) from their beginnings in the aftermath of the Russian Civil War to its dissolution in December 1991.

      According to the all-union military service law of September 1925, the Soviet Armed Forces consisted of five components: the Ground Forces, the Air Forces, the Navy, the State Political Directorate (OGPU) (predecessor of the Committee for State Security KGB)). The OGPU was later made independent and amalgamated with the NKVD in 1934. After WWII the Strategic Missile Troops  Civil War (1960), Air Defence Forces (1948) and troops of the All-Union National Civil Defence Forces (1970) were added, standing first, third and sixth in the official Soviet reckoning of comparative importance (with the Ground Forces being second, the Air Forces fourth, the Navy fifth, the Border Troops Service of the KGB seventh and the MVD Internal Troops in eighth place.)

     

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