ABKHAZIAN ARMED FORCES
ORUŽANE SNAGE ABHAZIJE

 

 
 
 
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      Ministarstvo odbrane i Generalštab Abhazije su službeno ustrojni 12. 10. 1992, po izbijanju rata sa Gruzijom (1992-1993). Osnovu nove vojske su činili pripadnici abhazijske Nacionalne garde, kreirane neposredno prije izbijanja sukoba. Tokom rata, abhazijske snage su imale odlučujuću pomoć od strane Konfederacije planinskih naroda Kavkaza, Kozačkih dobrovoljaca te nekih jedinica regularne Ruske vojske, koje su bile stacionirane u Abhaziji te su uspjeli poraziti gruzijske snage. Nakon rata, većina etničkih Gruzina napušta Abhaziju. Većina naoružanja nove vojske dolazi iz baze ruske padobranske divizije smještene u bazi Gudauta, dok je ostatak zaplijenjen od Gruzijskih oružanih snaga.

      Po Ugovoru iz 2009 godine, Ruska Federacija u Abhaziji drži oko 3.500 vojnika, uglavnom pripadnika 131 samostalne motorizirane pješadijske brigade. Brigada raspolaže sa najmanje 41 tenkom T-90 te 130 oklonih transportera BTR-80. Štab ovih snaga se nalazi u bazi Gudauta, bivšoj sovjetskoj vojnoj bazi na Crnom moru, sjeverno od Sukhumija, glavnog grada Abhazije.

     
     
     
   
     

      The Ministry of Defence and the General Staff of the Abkhazian armed forces were officially created on 12 October 1992, after the outbreak of the 1992-1993 war with Georgia. The basis of the armed forces was formed by the ethnic Abkhaz National Guard created early in 1992 prior to the outbreak of the war. During the war, the Abkhazian forces with the critical support from the Confederation of Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus, Cossack volunteers and the Russian regular military units] stationed in or near Abkhazia, succeeded in defeating the Georgian troops. After the war, about 80% of the ethnic Georgian population had left or been removed from the territory controlled by Abkhazian authorities. Most of the weapons come from the Russian airborne division base in Gudauta, others were captured from Georgian forces.

      Russia maintains a 3,500-strong force in Abkhazia with its headquarters in Gudauta, a former Soviet military base on the Black Sea coast north of the capital, Sukhumi, under a September 2009 agreement on military cooperation. The Gudauta base hosts Russia’s 131st separate motorized rifle brigade, equipped with at least 41 T-90 main battle tanks and 130 BTR-80 APCs.

     
RUSSIAN PEACEMAKING MISSION IN ABHAZIA AND GEORGIA
Миротворческая миссия Абхазия - Грузия
Mirotvorna misija u Abhaziji i Gruziji
     
     
     
     
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